When I'm extremely furious? Fuck music, I'm screaming, slamming doors, and probably punching a hole in the wall. It's a lot more rare these days, but I used to occasionally just fucking explode, under prolonged extreme emotional conditions. "Extremely furious" implies that there's no time to sit around and listen to Chopin or Nine Inch Nails or whatever.
Nothing, I only listen to music as a means to enjoy myself, and I really can't enjoy it when pissed off. I had a long dark stage of my life where I was under a lot of emotional stress and felt like shit, because people can be cunts when they find something to pick on, and combined with the fact that you can't always choose your company or live with makes it worse. (One of them posted here under an account with the same IP as me). And listening to music didn't help me then, it helps me get through a lot of things but not anger, sadly. :p
I'm far more attached to film than I've ever been to music. There's really no song/album that I can associate with particular emotion I'm feeling. Mostly, I just have albums that I associate with seasons or weather as opposed to emotion.
When I'm extremely furious, I typically workout... so I guess whatever I'm listening to when I'm jogging/lifting weights.
Essel music helps, or a selection from video-game soundtracks with uplifting songs. I can't really say I've been "furious" more than a few times within the last ten years or so, and listening to music was the last thing on my mind at such times.
I listen to the same set of artists that I would if I were ecstatic:
Primus (My current favourite)
Queens of the Stone Age
Lynryd Skynryd (Well, Free Bird at least)
High on Fire
The Rolling Stones
Them Crooked Vultures
They all make me feel good... Also on a really bad day I give-in and listen to Gotye.